A sign is something others, like the doctor, see, whilst a symptom is something that the patient discerns and explains. For instance, drowsiness might be a symptom while dilated pupils might be a sign.
Drug Addiction - an addicted person cannot resist or restrict himself to the intake of the substance be it drug, alcohol, cigarette. He/she continues to use it, despite the fact that it may be harmful (the person may or may not be aware of the possible risk).
Uncontrollable urge could be occasioned by dependence on a substance. The person addicted may be willing to stop taking it, but they are not able on their own.
The clues and indicators that someone is addicted differ from one person to the other, depend on the drug, the genes of the individual and status in life.
These are some of the possible signs and symptoms of alcohol addiction:
It becomes difficult for the person to desist from using the substance - like drug, alcohol or nicotine, even when the person has attempted to stop at least on one occasion.
Withdrawal side effects - when body levels of that substance go beneath a specific level the patient has physical and disposition related manifestations. There are urges, spells of moodiness, fits of rage, poor concentration, a feeling of being sad and empty, anger, resentment and frustration.
The person's appetite may suddenly go high. A sleeping disorder is a typical side effect of withdrawal. In certain instances, the person may be constipated or suffer from diarrhoea. With a few substances, withdrawal can trigger viciousness, trembling, seizures, fantasies and sweats.
Even with the knowledge that health problems exist, addiction continues - The person keeps taking the substance on a regular basis, even though negative health problems are becoming apparent. To give an example, someone who smokes might continue to smoke even after a heart/lung issue has developed.
Recreational or social sacrifices - because of the substance addiction, some actions are forfeited. Example is a smoker turning down a meeting with friends in an environment that is smoke free or an alcohol addict refusing to attend a profitable social gathering that does not involve alcohol.
Maintaining a good supply - even when there is no money, addicts will always ensure that they have enough quantity of the substance they are addicted to. Sacrifices might be made in the house financial plan to ensure the substance is as copious as could reasonably be expected.
Risky behaviours (1) - users will take unnecessary risks to make sure they can get the substance, like stealing or trading sex for money or drugs.
Taking risks (2) - driving at a higher speed is one of the risks the addict may easily take when they have taken the substance.
Managing issues - a dependent individual usually feels they require their drug to manage their issues.
Obsession - figuring out the best way to access their substance and how to use it may occupy a greater part of their time and energy
Introversion and isolation - The addict may become secretive and want to isolate themselves from people.
Lack of acceptance - Many people addicted people refuse to accept. They either do not know or will not acknowledge that there is a problem.
Abundance utilisation - in a few addictions, for example, liquor, a few medications and even nicotine, the individual expends it to overabundance. Some noticeable health symptoms like persistent cough, sore throat and blackouts that erase part of their memory could be the case.
Losing interest in hobbies and activities - as the addiction gets worse and worse, the addict might stop doing things that e or she used to love. This can even happen to smokers who discover that they can't physically do the sports or outdoor activities that the once enjoyed.
Having reserves - the addict might have small reserves of his/her substance concealed in various areas of the car/house; frequently in improbable spots.
Taking an underlying substantial measurements - this is basic with liquor abuse. The addict will usually take a lot of the substance quickly so that they get the effect fast.
Legal problems - problems with the law occur more with drug and alcohol addictions. This can be because being on the substance impairs the user's judgement and they engage in risk taking behaviour or because the addict breaks the law to get a hold of the substance.
Money problems - if buying the substance causes a financial burden, and addict might sacrifice other things to make sure the supply is maintained. For instance, in most of the western world a packet of twenty cigarettes costs more than '11, if an addict smokes two packs a day, they will need '660 monthly and about '8,000 annually.
Relationship issues - these problems are more typical with alcohol or drug dependency.
Some people who abuse drugs or alcohol might not be technically addicted but can still suffer the effects mentioned here but do not usually suffer from withdrawal symptoms or have the same obsession to use the substance.