That chronic health condition where people cannot control the way they search for and make use of drugs irrespective of the fact that this can damage their health and alter their mental state forever is called Drug addiction. These adjustments in the mind can prompt to the hurtful practices found in individuals who take drugs. Drug compulsion is likewise a backsliding illness. Relapse is returning to a habit of drug use after a serious attempt to stop using.
The road to substance dependency starts with voluntarily using substances. After some time, a man's capacity to pick not to do as such becomes compromised. Looking for and using the substance becomes uncontrollable. The major cause of this it how long term drug exposure alters brain activity. Dependence influences parts of the mind required in reward and inspiration, learning and memory plus control over conduct.
Addiction influences both behaviour and the brain.
Can Substance Dependency Be Treated?
It isn't easy, but, yes, drug addiction is treatable. Since dependency is a chronic illness, individuals cannot just quit using the substances for a day or two and be cured of it. Many of those under treatment need it over a long time or for the rest of their lives.
Dependency treatment must assist the individual to achieve the following:
quit utilising drugs
Be a productive member of society, in the family, and at work
Standards Of Effective Treatment
According to scientific research conducted since the mid-1970s, the essential principles listed below should be the foundation of all successful treatment programmes:
Addiction is a complicated, chronic disease that affects the brain and behaviour, but it is treatable.
There is no particular treatment that is fitting for all.
Individuals must be able to access treatment quickly.
Successful treatment looks at all the needs of the patient, not simply his/her substance use.
It is extremely important to remain under treatment for a very long period of time.
The most common forms of treatment are behaviour therapies like counselling.
Medications are regularly an imperative component of treatment, particularly when consolidated with behavioural therapies.
As the patient's needs change, the treatment plan must be adapted to fit the requirements.
Other possible mental disorders should be considered during treatment.
Therapeutically helped detoxification is just the primary phase of treatment.
The treatment does not rely on the volition of the patient to yield positive fruits.
During treatments, the use of drugs by the patient must be properly observed.
Treatment projects ought to test patients for HIV/AIDS, hepatitis B and C, tuberculosis and different chronic infections in addition show them about strides they can go for broke of these illnesses.
How Drug Dependency Is Treated?
There are several steps to effective treatment:
Detoxification (the way a body is cleaned of toxins and drug residue)
medication (for tobacco, alcohol or opioid dependency)
assessment and treatment for any co-occurring mental health concerns like anxiety and depression
Avoiding relapse by providing long term follow up care
Using a wide range of treatments tailored to the needs of the patient is a key to success.
Treatment should compromise mental and medical health services as required. Post-rehab support could involve the peer or family group therapy.
How Drug Addiction Treatment Incorporates Medications?
The treatment of co-occurring health issues, avoidance of relapse and amelioration of the withdrawal symptoms are some of the cases where medications are needed.
Withdrawal The withdrawal symptoms that are witnessed when detox is done could be alleviated with medications. Detoxification is not in itself "treatment," rather just the initial phase all the while. Patient who doesn't get any further treatment after detoxification as a rule resumes their drug usage. As revealed by a study of treatment facilities, 80% of the cases of detoxification involved medications (SAMHSA, 2014).
Preventing Relapse Medicines used in the detoxing programme help the brain to restore to its normal functions easier and stop the desire for the drug. Medications are accessible for management of opioid (heroin, prescription pain relievers), tobacco (nicotine), and alcohol dependence. Researchers are creating different solutions to manage stimulant (cocaine, methamphetamine) and cannabis (marijuana) dependence A person who uses more than one substance, which is really typical, require treatment for every substance he/she uses.
How Drug Addiction Is Treated Using Behavioural Therapies
Behavioural therapies assist a patient to:
change his/her behaviour and attitude related to the substance use
develop life skills that are healthy
Continue with varying forms of treatment like medication
Patients can get treatment in a wide range of settings with different approaches.
In an outpatient treatment programme, the recovering addict attends therapy sessions on appointed times. There are therapy sessions that a patient is alone with the counsellor and others that utilise group therapy, sometimes a patient may attend both types.
These projects normally offer types of behavioural treatment, for example,
cognitive-behavioural therapy, which helps patients recognize, avoid, and cope with the situations in which they are most likely to use drugs
multidimensional family therapy - designed for teenagers suffering drug addiction and their relatives - which considers several factors that contribute to their drug addiction, with the intention of affecting the functioning of the family in a positive manner
Motivational interviewing, which takes full advantage of the patient's readiness to change and willingness to enter treatment
contingency management (motivational incentives), which makes use of positive reinforcement to motivate refraining from substances
sometimes, intensive treatments that involve several outpatient sessions every week is given at first. After the completion of the in-depth treatment, a patient moves to frequent outpatient treatment, which does not meet as regularly and for fewer hours every week to assist with maintaining his/her recovery.
For a patient with severe problems, including coexisting conditions, inpatient or residential treatment is very effective. The around the clock care available at residential rehabilitation centres includes safe boarding facilities and close monitoring of patients. Several approaches to therapies that are mainly designed to assist the patients to achieve a life that is free of drugs and crime after treatment are applied by residential treatment facilities.
Some examples of inpatient treatment environments are:
In the period it takes for the patient to recover, usually six to twelve months, the patient becomes a member of the community at the therapeutic facility. The behaviours, understanding and attitude of the addict towards drugs is affected by the whole community, which involves the staff that offer the treatment and those recovering from addiction, as they take up the role of change agents.
Shorter-term residential treatment, where detoxification is done and the patient prepared for community based treatment through preliminary intensive counselling.
Short term, supervised housing for patients called recovery housing is sometimes utilized after residential treatment. Recuperation housing can help individuals make the move to a free life, for instance, helping them figure out how to manage funds or look for business and also interfacing them to bolster services in the group.
Problems Of Re-Admission
The excessive urge to take drugs could be "triggered" by several factors within the brain, as the workings of the brain is altered by drug abuse. It's basic for those in treatment, particularly those treated at an inpatient centre or jail, to figure out how to identify, ignore and adapt to triggers they are probably going to be presented to after treatment.